A Republican German-language newspaper established in Chicago in 1849 by Robert Bernhard Hooffgen. Initially a weekly paper, it increased in frequency to daily in 1851. The paper's editorial staff was outspoken against slavery and against the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Geo. P. Rowell & Co., American Newspaper Directory (New York: Geo. P. Rowell, 1872), 4:311; John Moses and Joseph Kirkland, eds., The History of Chicago Illinois (Chicago: Munsell, 1895), 1:673.