Lowell Daily Journal and Courier
Charles Cowley, A History of Lowell, 2nd rev. ed. (Boston: Lee & Shepard; Lowell, MA: B. C. Sargeant and J. Merrill, 1868), 83-84; Frederick W. Coburn, History of Lowell and its People (New York: Lewis, 1920), 2:488-91; Alfred Gilman, "The Newspaper Press of Lowell," Contributions of the Old Residents' Historical Association, Lowell, Mass. 2 (November 1883), 242, 247; Massachusetts Register for the Year 1854, Serial Number, Eighty-Eight (Boston: George Adams, 1854), 178; Massachusetts Register for the Year 1856, Serial Number Ninety (Boston: George Adams, 1856), 186; "Lowell Daily Journal and Courier," Library of Congress Find Aid, https://www.loc.gov/item/sn83020096/.