New York, New York

City: New York

State: New York

Lat/Long: 40.7000, -74.0000

Founded by the Dutch in 1626 and captured by the British in 1664, New York City emerged from the colonial and revolutionary war periods as the nation's economic and cultural center. From 1785 to 1790, it served as the national capital. By 1790, it was the largest city in North America, and remained so throughout Abraham Lincoln's lifetime. During the Civil War, it was the site of a large draft riot—the largest civil insurrection in American history.

"New York City," Encyclopedia of New York State, ed. by Peter Eisenstadt and Laura Eve-Moss (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2006), 1062-65, 1067; "New York City as National Capital," Encyclopedia of New York State, 1079; Iver Bernstein, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society in the Age of the Civil War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990); Erie Foner, Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988), 32-33.