A bill for an act To ^change the^ incorporate ^powers of^ the Town of Chicago.
Sec:[Section] 1. Be it enacted by the People ofthe State of Illinois represented in General assembly, That John H Kinzie, Gurdon S. Hubbard, Ebenezer Goodrich, John K. Boyer and John S. C. Hogan, be and they are hereby constituted a body politic and corporate, to be known by the name of the “Trustees of the Town of Chicago,” and ^by^ that name they and their successors shall be known in law, have perpetual succession, sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, defend and be defended, in courts of law and equity, and in all actions and matters whatsoever; may grant, purchase, and receive and hold property, real and personal within the said Town, and no other (burial grounds excepted), and may lease, sell and dispose of the same for the benefit of the benefit of the Town, and shall have power to lease any of the reserved lands which have been, or may hereafter be appropriated to the use of said Town, and may do all other acts, as natural persons; may have a common seal, and break and alter the same at pleasure.
Sec: 2. That all that district of country contained in sections nine and sixteen, north & south fractional sections Ten, and fractional section Fifteen, in Township 39 North of Range 14 East of the 3d principal meridian, is hereby declared to be within the boundaries of the Town of Chicago, provided that the authority of the board of Trustees of the said Town of Chicago, shall not extend over the south fractional section Ten, until the same shall cease to be occupied by the United States.
Sec: 3. That the Corporate powers and duties of said Town shall be elected vested in nine Trustees (after the term of the present incumbents shall have expired, towit on the first monday of June next, and to be chosen and appointed as hereinafter directed),
<Page 2>who shall form a board for the transaction of business
Sec: 4. The members composing the board of Trustees shall be elected annually on the first monday in June, by the persons residing within said town (qualified to vote for representatives to the Legislature), to serve for one year; they shall be at least twenty one years of age, citizens of the United States, and inhabitants of said town, and shall possess a free hold estate within the limits thereof
Sec; 5. That the board of Trustees shall appoint their President from their own body, shall appoint their all other officers of their board and shall be the judges of the qualifications, elections and returns of their own members; a majority shall constitute a board to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, may compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as the board may provide; they may determine the rule of proceeding, make such other rules and regulations, for their own government, as to them may seem proper and expedient.
Sec: 6. That the board of Trustees shall have power to levy and collect taxes upon all real estate within the Town, not exceeding the one half of one per centum upon the assessed value thereof, except as hereinafter excepted, to make regulations to secure the general health of the inhabitants, to prevent and remove nuisances, to establish night watches, erect lamps in the streets, and lighting the same, to regulate and license ferries within the corporation, to lease the wharfing privileges of said town ^giving to the owner or owners, occupant or occupants of the lots fronting the river the preference of such privilege^ to erect ^&^ keep & in repair bridges; to provide for licensing, taxing, and regulating theatrical and other shows, billiard tables, and
<Page 3>other amusements; to restrain & prohibit gaming houses, bawdy houses and other disorderly houses, to build market houses; establish and regulate markets; to open and keep in repair streets, avenues, lanes, alleys, drains, and sewers; to keep the same clean and free from incumberances; to establish and regulate a Fire department and to provide for the prevention and extinguishment of fires; to regulate the storage of gun powder and other combustible materials; to erect pumps and wells in the streets for the convenience of the inhabitants; to regulate the police of the Town; to regulate the election of the Town officers; to fix their compensation; to establish and enforce quarentine laws; and from time to time to pass such ordinances to carry into effect the ordinances of this act, and the powers hereby granted, as the good of the inhabitants may require; and ^to^ impose and appropriate fines and forfeitures for the breach of any ordinance and to provide for the collection thereof.
Sec: 7. That upon the application of the owners of two thirds of real estate, on any street or parts of a street, it shall be the duty lawful for the board of Trustees to levy and collect a special tax on the owners of the lots on the said street, or parts of a street according to their respective fronts, for the purpose of grading and paving the side walks on said street
Sec: 8. That the board of Trustees shall have power to regulate, grade, pave and improve the streets, avenues, lanes, and alleys, within the limits of said town, and to extend, open and widen the same, making the person or persons injured thereby adequate compensation, to ascertain which the board shall cause
<Page 4>to be summoned twelve good and lawful men, free-holders and inhabitants of said town, not directly interested, who, (being first duly sworn for that purpose), 1shall enquire into, and take into consideration, as well the benefits as the injury which may accrue, and estimate and assess the damages which would be sustained by reason of the opening, extension, widening of any street, avenue, lane, or alley, and shall moreover estimate the amount which other persons will be benefitted thereby, and shall contribute towards compensating the persons injured, all of which shall be returned to the board of Trustees, under their hands and seals; and the persons or persons who shall be benefitted and so assessed shall pay the same in such manner as shall be provided, and the residue, if any, shall be paid out of the town treasury.
Sec: 9. All ordinances shall within ten days after they are passed, be published in a newspaper printed in said Town and posted in three of the most public places thereof.
Sec. 10 That when any real estate in said Town shall have been sold by the authority of the corporation thereof, for the nonpayment of any tax that may have been levied upon the same, the same shall be subject to redemption by the owners or owners thereof, his her, or their agent or agents, within one year after the same shall have been sold, on paying to the Treasurer2 of the Board of Trustees of said town double the amount of the taxes for which the same ^together^ was sold ^together^ with costs for the selling of the same. But should the said lots or ^parts of^ lots, so
<Page 5>sold for the nonpayment of the taxes aforesaid, ^not be redeemed^ within the time specified, then in that event it shall be the duty of the President of the Board of Trustees of the said Town to execute a deed with a special warranty, signed by the President of said Board and countersigned by the clerk thereof.
Sec: 11. It shall be the duty of the board of Trustees to cause to be paid to the purchasers of lots all monies which may have been paid to the Treasurer over the costs for selling the same.
Sec: 12 The officers of said Town, (in addition to the Trustees) shall consist of one clerk, one street Commissioner, one Treasurer, one assessor and Collector of Taxes, one Town surveyor, two measurers of wood & coal; Two measurers of lumber, and two measurers & weighers of Grain and such others officers as the Trustees of said town may deem necessary, for the good of said Town.
Sec: 13. That the President & Trustees of said Town shall whenever they may deem necessary order the formation of Fire Engine companies and fire hook & ladder companies. [
Fire?] Fire Engine companies each to contain from 25 to 40 able bodied men of between the
ages of 18 and 50 years and no more. The Fire hook & ladder companies to contain each
from 15 to 25 able bodied men and no more, which officers ^companies^ shall be officered and governed by their own bye-laws, shall be formed only by voluntary enlistment. Every member of each company shall
be exempted from July & militia duty; and whenever a member of such companies, shall
have served 12 years, he shall receive a discharge from the Incorporation signed by
the President and shall, forever
<Page 6>thereafter be exempted from further Jury duty, and from further military duty except in case of invasion.
Sec 14. That the members of the board of Trustees and every officer of said corporation shall, before entering on the duties of his office, take an oath or affirmation before some judge or justice of the peace, to support the constitution of the United States and of this state, and faithfully to demean themselves in office.
Sec: 15. That this incorporation shall be divided into three districts to wit: all that part which lies south of the Chicago river, and east of the south branch of said river; shall be included in the first district; all that part which lies west of the north & south branches of said river shall be included in the second district, and all that part which lies north of the said ^Chicago^ river, and east of the north branch of said river shall be included in the third district; and the taxes collected within the ^said^ respective districts shall be expended under the direction of the board of Trustees for improvements within their respective districts: But all elections for Trustees in said Town shall be by general ticket.
Handwritten Document, 8 page(s), Folder 90, HB 112, GA Session: 9-1, Illinois State Archives (Springfield, IL) ,