Lat/Long: 44.0000, -120.0000
Congress created the state of Oregon from the Oregon Territory and admitted it into the Union on February 14, 1859. It is the thirty-third state admitted into the Union. Oregon entered the Union as a free state and remained loyal to the United States during the Civil War. Located in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, Oregon is bounded on the north by Washington; on the east by Idaho; on the south by Nevada and California, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Salem.
Webster's New Geographical Dictionary (Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1988), 897; "An Act for the Admission of Oregon into the Union," 14 February 1859, Statutes at Large of the United States 11 (1859):383-84.