Lat/Long: 39.768558, -86.157205
Indianapolis was established in 1820 to be the capital of the recently-created state of Indiana. The central part of Indiana having been only sparsely settled at this time, initially it was little more than a pioneer village. State government offices were moved from Corydon to Indianapolis in the fall of 1824. The town grew during Abraham Lincoln's lifetime: its population in 1830 was around 1,500; by 1860 the city had over 18,500 residents.
History of Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana (Philadelphia: L. H. Everts, 1884), 15-16, 19, 23-24.