State: Iowa

Lat/Long: 42.0000, -93.0000

Created from the Iowa Territory on December 28, 1846, Iowa remained a free state by the precedent of the Missouri Compromise and remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War. The original state capital was Iowa City before Des Moines acquired the designation in 1857.

"An Act for the Admission of the State of Iowa into the Union," 28 December 1846, Statutes at Large of the United States 9 (1862):117; Dorothy Schwieder, Iowa: The Middle Land (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1996), 67-83; Leland L. Sage, A History of Iowa (Ames: The Iowa State University Press, 1974), 137, 150-71.