Lat/Long: 37.6167, -84.5667
Founded in 1797 by the first county court of the newly-created Garrard County, Lancaster became the county seat of the county. Residents named it after Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the ancestral home for many who settled in the area. By 1800, the town had a population of 102. In the 1830s, outbreaks of cholera and fever (perhaps typhoid) plagued the town and reduced its population. In October 1862, Lancaster was the site of skirmishes between Confederate and Union troops after the Battle of Perryville.
Ron D. Bryant, "Lancaster," John E. Kleber, ed., The Kentucky Encyclopedia (Lexington, University Press of Kentucky, 1992), 533-34; "Garrard County," The Kentucky Encyclopedia (Lexington, University Press of Kentucky, 1992), 364-65.