A Bill to Authorize Samuel Musick to Build a Toll Bridge across Salt Creek in Sangamon County, [15 December 1834]1
Sec[Section] 1. Be it enacted by the people of the State of Illinois represented in the General Assembly— That Samuel Musick his heirs and assigns be and they are hereby authorized to erect a toll bridge across Salt creek in Sangamon county at or near the place where the said Musick is now authorized to keep a ferry— At either end of said bridge the said Musick, his heirs and assigns, are hereby authorized to place a toll gate, where he or they may ask and demand of all and every person passing the rates of toll which may from time to time be fixed by the county commissioners court of the county of Sangamon—
Sec 2. The said Samuel Musick his heirs and assigns, shall commence the building of said bridge within nine months and have it so far completed within eighteen months from and after the passage of this act as to admit the safe passing of persons, waggons, teams, cattle &c.[etc.] over it—
Sec 3. The said Samuel Musick his heirs and assigns, shall at all times after the completion thereof, keep said bridge in good repair, and allow a speedy passage to all persons and their property over it, upon the receipt of the toll, in such cases allowed as herein before provided— and if at any time the said bridge be left out
<Page 2>of repair, so that the same be impassable, for the space of twelve months at any one time, the said bridge shall accrue and belong to the county of Sangamon: Provided however, That the destruction of said bridge by fire, high water or other casualty, shall not work a forfeiture of the previlege hereby granted, but the said Samuel Musick heirs or assigns shall proceed immediately to repair the same—
Sec 4. No person shall within ten years hereafter build a bridge, or establish a ferry accross said creek within the distance of one mile above or below the said bridge— provided the said Samuel Musick his heirs or assigns shall erect and keep up ^said bridge^ for that space of time said bridge as by this act authorized—
Sec. 5 Whenever the county commissioners of the said county of Sangamon shall deem it expedient to purchase said bridge they shall have the right so to do by paying the said Samuel Musick his heirs or assigns the original cost of said bridge— And for the purpose of enabling the county commissioners to make said purchase, it shall be the duty of said Samuel Musick his heirs or assigns, to file with the clerk of the county commissioners court of said county such vouchers as shall be deemed sufficient by the commissioners to ascertain the cost of said bridge—
Sec 6— If the said Samuel Musick his heirs or assigns shall at any time obstruct the ford on said creek at or near the said bridge, in
<Page 3>any manner— he or they so offending— shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars for every such offence to be recovered by action of debt in any court having competent jurisdition thereof, one half of which shall go to the use of the person informing and the other to the use of the county—
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A Bill for "An act to authorise Samuel Musick to build a toll Bridge2 across Salt Creek in Sangamon county."
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1Abraham Lincoln introduced this bill, written entirely in his own handwriting, in the House of Representatives on December 15, 1834. On December 17, the House referred the bill to a select committee composed of Lincoln, William Carpenter, and John T. Stuart. On December 20, the select committee reported the bill back with an amendment, and the House passed the amended bill, which was also partly written by Lincoln. The Senate passed the bill on December 24. On January 7, 1835, the Council of Revision approved the bill, and the act became law.
Illinois House Journal. 1835. 9th G. A., 1st sess., 86, 118, 127, 131, 141-42, 160, 222, 240, 245; Illinois Senate Journal. 1835. 9th G. A., 1st sess., 121, 122, 126, 132, 192, 195.
Handwritten Document, 4 page(s), Lincoln Collection, Illinois State Archives (Springfield, IL).