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Sec[Section] 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois represented in the General Assembly; That Jacob Fry, Alfred W. Cavarly, Isaac Darniel, Thomas Cummings, William Gerome[,] and John Caldwell of Greene County and William Fry, John McDonald, Lewis Roberts[,] and Jacob Pruden of Calhoun County and their associates, who shall become stockholders agreeably to the provisions of this act are hereby constituted a body corporate by the name of ‘The Mississippi and Illinois Canal Company” and by that name may sue and be sued[,] defend and be defended, both in law and equity in all courts whatsoever. company shall have power to adopt and use a common seal, and change the same at pleasure: To make, ordain[,] and establish such bye-laws[,] rules[,] and regulations not inconsistent with the laws of this state, as they may deem necessary for their own government, and the prosecution and completion of the work contemplated by this act.
Sec 2“The Mississippi and Illinois Canal Company” shall have power to construct and maintain a canal of such width and depth as they may judge proper, from the Mississippi to the Illinois River in Calhoun county; crossing the peninsula between said rivers at the most suitable place near the town of Guilford. And to transport
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persons and property on the same, and receive such tolls and charges for the same, as said company shall establish from time to time by their ordinance or bye-laws.
Sec 3. The capital stock of saidcompany shall be three hundred thousand dollars, with power in company to increase the same to one million, f if found necessary by said company to complete said canal, by reopening books and receiving new subscriptions in such manner and at such times as they may from time to time direct. Which said capital stock shall be divided into shares of one hundred dollars each which shall be considered as personal property and made transferable in such way as said corporation may direct.
Sec 4. That Jacob Fry[,] John Caldwell[,] Thomas Cummings[,] William Gerome, Alfred W. Cavarly, Isaac Darniel, William Fry, John McDonald[,] Levi Roberts and Jacob Pruden are appointed commissioners to open books for subscription to the capital stock of said company at such times, and at such places as a majority of them may direct, either by themselves or such of their number as a majority of said commissioners may authorize for that purpose, by giving public notice thereof in some newspaper printed in this state, and in such other way
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and in such other way as they may deem best calculated to ensure the subscription of the stock
Sec 5. Each person at the time of subscribing shall pay to the commissioner or commissioners hereby authorized to open the books five per centum on the amount of stock subscribed by him. And as soon as fifty thousand dollars of said stock shall be subscribed; the said commissioners or a majority of them may call a meeting of the subscribers to the capital Stock by giving thirty days notice of such meeting in some newspaper printed in this state, and in such other manner as they deem best, for the election of five directors, and such election shall be held at the time and place designated in said notice, by the stockholders that may attend, or such as do not attend by proxy, and those persons having the highest number of votes shall be duly elected. And each share of stock shall entitle the owner to one vote. And the said commissioners herein named or a majority of them shall be inspectors of and conduct the first election; and Shall immediately after the election is over make out a certificate for each person so elected under their hands and seals, and deliver the same to said directors with all the moneys[,] books[,] and papers in their hands pertaining to said company.
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The first meeting of directors under this act shall be held at Carrollton within ten days after the election
Sec 6. In the event that a greater amount of stock shall be subscribed than is authorized by this act, the excess shall be taken from each subscriber in proportion to the amount subscribed.
Sec 7. At the first meeting after each election of the directors of said company, they shall choose one of their own number as president. And the directors first elected shall continue in office until the first Monday in June 1838 and until others shall be elected. And the election for five directors shall be held on the first Monday of June in each year thereafter at such place as the directors shall designate. Each subsequent election shall be held under the direction of three of the Stockholders, who shall previously be appointed by the directors for that purpose. The election for directors shall shall be held by ballot. No person shall be a director who shall not be a stockholder of at least one ^share^ at the time of his election. If any two persons voted for, for directors shall receive an equal number of votes, those who shall have a plurality of votes shall determine by ballot which shall be entitled to the office.

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Sec 8. Should the stockholders fail to meet, at the time herein specified, to hold their elections for Directors, the said corporation shall not thereby forfeit its charter; but the directors in office shall continue therein with full power to exercise the duties confered on them, until their successors shall be duly elected
Sec 9. The said Directors shall cause such examinations, surveys[,] and estimates to be made as may be necessary to the location of said canal, on the most advantageous line from a point on the Mississippi River below the town of Gilliad to such point, at or near the town of Guilford, as they shall designate for the termination of the same.
Sec 10. The said corporation shall have the power to purchase, receive[,] and hold such real estate as may be necessary and useful in the accomplishment of the objects of its creation. And the said corporation are hereby authorized to hold all lands which may be given, granted[,] or donated to the same by any person or ^body^ politic and to sell and convey the same. The directors of said corporation are also authorized to enter upon, and use any and land all lands over and upon which the said canal may pass, and so much of said land as may be necessary
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to the construction, and the convenient use and enjoyment of the same. Also to take and use such timber, stone[,] and other materials as may be indispensable to the construction and maintenance of said canal: Provided, that said corporation shall pay to the owner of the lands entered upon, and used as aforesaid, such damages as said owner may sustain by reason of taking the timber[,] stone[,] and other materials by said directors, before entering upon & taking the same. But if the said stockholders and owner of the lands entered upon and the1 timber, stone[,] and other materials taken should not agree upon the amount of damages claimed by the owners thereof; the amount of damages shall be ascertained according to the provisions of “ an act concerning the right of way and for other purposes approved February 28th” 1833.”
Sec 11. The said company shall have power and are hereby authorized to use the waters of the Mississippi River to supply the water of the canal or otherwise, and to make such dams and locks as may be necessary to procure a sufficient quantity of water for said canal or otherwise: Provided, that said company shall be responsible for all damages sustained, by the over flowing of any lands, by the owner thereof. And also for all
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damages sustained by making dams or locks on the land of any person or persons whatsoever. And if said said canal shall cross any public road the said canal company shall erect suitable bridges to cross the same.
Sec 12. The said directors of said company shall have the power to transact all the business of the corporation, and to this end may appoint such agents, clerks[,] and engineers and other persons as may be necessary to manage the business of the company . They shall have power to prescribe all such rules, and to adopt all such bye-laws touching the management and disposition of the stock, property[,] and estate of the company, and the conduct and duties of all persons employed by the company as may be necessary. They shall also have power to require payment of the stockholders, by instalments at such times as the same may be needed for the construction of the canal, or for any other purpose authorized by this act. And from time to time give public notice of the payment thus required and of the time and place of such payment in some newspaper printed nearest said projected canal and such other papers as may be selected, such notices to be published at least four weeks previous to the day appointed for such payment. And
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the directors are authorized to cause the stock of such stockholders as make default in the payment of any instalments which may be called for, to be sold, or to provide for the forfeiture of such stock to the company.
Sec 13. A majority of the Board of Directors shall constitute a quorum to do business; and shall have and exercise all the powers confered upon the company. The said directors may contract, and be contracted with, and loan any amount of money subscribed and paid in, to such person or persons upon personal or mortgage security, as the company may not have immediate use for in the prosecution and completion of said canal, and at the same rate of interest which can now be agreed upon and recovered by law by individuals.
Sec 14. The canal to be constructed by said company shall be of sufficient width and depth to admit the passage of canal boats of the ordinary kind, and the company shall be responsible for all accidents and delays occasioned by the carelessness, negligence[,] or inattention of any of its agents. Said company shall permit all persons to pass upon said canal with boats and property whenever the same is passable, upon payment of such tolls as may be fixed upon by the directors
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which tolls shall in all cases by uniform.
Sec 15. If any person shall wilfully injure or destroy any lock, dam, embankment, or any part or parcel of said canal, or any building, boat[,] or other property on the line of said canal belonging to said company ^such person^ shall forfeit and pay treble the amount of damages sustained, to be recovered by action of debt in any court having jurisdiction of the same or before a justice of the peace in the name of said corporation. And be also subject to indictment and punished by fine and imprisonment.
Sec 16. The mode of suing said corporation shall be by summons, and a copy of the summons delivered to the president of the Board the Secretary or Treasurer, which shall be sufficient service of process to require the corporation to answer, and to authorize any court to proceed to judgment.
Passed the Senate Jany 17th 1837
W G Flood, for J B Thomas Jr.
Sec[Secretary] Senate.

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No 103
A Bill entitled An act to incorporate the Mississippi and Illinois Canal Company .
To be Enrolled
1“the” written over “timber”.

Handwritten Document, 10 page(s), Folder 341, SB 79, GA Session 10-1, Illinois State Archives (Springfield, IL) ,