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1854 Federal Election

Date: From 1854-08-04 to 1855-11-06

The Congressional Election of 1854 occurred during a transitional period in American party politics. With the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in May of 1854, the Whig Party began to unravel and support for the Democratic Party sharply declined. The Democrats lost their majority in the House of Representatives, losing every Northern state except New Hampshire and California. The new House of Representatives had an Anti-Nebraska majority, including former Whigs, Nativists, Free Soilers, and former Northern Democrats.

Michael F. Holt, The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 836-908; Kenneth C. Martis, The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989 (New York: MacMillan, 1989), 108-109; Larry Gara, The Presidency of Franklin Pierce (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1991), 98-100.