Lat/Long: 40.4333, -79.9833
Located at the juncture where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers meet to form the Ohio River, Pittsburgh traced its roots to the colonial period, when the French and British battled for control of this strategic area. After the War of 1812, Pittsburgh became an important center of iron, brass, tin, and glass manufacturing. Incorporated as a city in 1816, by 1840, Pittsburgh was one of the largest cities west of the Allegheny Mountains. During his trip from Springfield to Washington in February 1861, Abraham Lincoln stopped in Pittsburgh, where he made informal remarks at the Monongahela House and delivered a speech on the tariff issue.
Report of Remarks at the Monongahela House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Report of Remarks from Balcony of the Monongahela House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Report of Speech at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Speech at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Report of Speech at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Report of Speech at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Michael Burlingame, Abraham Lincoln: A Life (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), 2:13-15; Courtlandt Canby, The Encyclopedia of Historic Places (New York: Facts on File, 1984), 2:740.