Born: 1817-02-04 Plainfield Center, New York
Died: 1900-09-16 Belleville, Illinois
Flourished: Springfield, Illinois
Niles attended Albany Academy from 1830 to 1834. He subsequently served a clerkship in Albany and gained admission to the bar. Niles left New York in 1837, first living in Delphi and Frankfort, Indiana, then Owensboro, Kentucky, before settling in Belleville, Illinois, in 1842. At the outbreak of the Mexican War, he received a commission as first lieutenant of the Second Illinois Volunteer Regiment. After the Battle of Buena Vista, Niles earned promotion to command of a Texas company. In 1848, he married Louisa Thoma, with whom he had twelve children. He served as chief clerk of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1848 to 1849 and then as St. Clair County judge from 1849 to 1861. An anti-slavery Democrat and later Republican, Niles edited the
Gravestone, Walnut Hill Cemetery, Belleville, IL; The United States Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men: Illinois Volume (Chicago: American Biographical, 1876), 486-87.