Born: 1787-04-27 Fayette County, Kentucky
Died: 1865-01-07 Springfield, Illinois
Flourished: 1859-05-25 Springfield, Illinois
Todd was the uncle of Mary Todd Lincoln. John Todd was one of the earliest graduates of Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. He also graduated from the Medical University of Philadelphia. Todd served as surgeon general of Kentucky troops during the War of 1812, and he entered private medical practice in Lexington after the war. He married Elizabeth Smith on July 1, 1813, in Lexington. In 1817, he settled in Edwardsville, Illinois. When President John Quincy Adams appointed him Register of the United States Land Office in Springfield, Illinois, in 1827, Todd moved his family to Springfield. In 1860, he was a physician living in Springfield with real property valued at $2,000 and personal property valued at $500.
Illinois Journal (Springfield), 9 January 1865, 3:4; Daily Illinois State Register (Springfield), 10 January 1865, 4:2; John Carroll Power and S. A. Power, History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois (Springfield, IL: Edwin A. Wilson, 1876), 715-17; U.S. Census Office, Eighth Census of the United States (1860), Sangamon County, IL, 148.