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Deed of Stephen T. Logan, America Logan, Abraham Lincoln, and Mary Lincoln to Charles Dresser, 23 April 18441
A. Lincoln & S. T. Logan }
To Deed
Charles Dresser
This Indenture Made and entered into this Twenty third day of April AD 1844 between Stephen. T. Logan & America his wife & Abraham Lincoln & Mary his wife of the County of Sangamon and State of Illinois of the first part, and Charles Dresser of the County of Sangamon and State of Illinois of the second part. Witnesseth, that the said party of the first part for and in Consideration of the sum of three hundred Dollars, in hand paid by the said party of the second part, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged Have granted bargained and sold, and by these presents do grant bargain and sell, unto the said party of the second part his heirs and assigns, a Certain Tract of Land, situate lying and being in the County of Sangamon and State of Illinois known and Designated as follows. to wit– the East half of the West half of Lot number Six in Block number fourteen in the (late) Town, now City of Springfield Illinois being the same Lot on which stands the building now occupied by Hamilton A. Hough as a Shop–
To have and to hold the aforesaid Tract or parcel of Land together with all and singular the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging, or in anywise appertaining to the only proper use and benefit of him the said party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever. And the said party of the first part for themselves their heirs Executors and administrators do Covenant to and with the said party of the second part, that they are lawfully seized have full right to Convey and will forever warrant and defend the said Tract of land from the Claim of them the
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Said party of the first part their heirs and assigns and against the claim or claims of any other person whomsoever–
In Testimony whereof the said party of the first part have hereunto set their hands and Seals the day and year aforesaid–
S. T. Logan  seal A. T. Logan  seal A. Lincoln  seal M. Lincoln  seal 
[certification]
Signed, Sealed and Delivered in presence of
Wm Lavely
[certification]
05/02/1844
State of Illinois } SS[Scilicet]
Sangamon County
Before me the undersigned a Justice of the peace for the County aforesaid personally came Stephen T. Logan, America T. Logan Abraham Lincoln & Mary Lincoln who are known to me to be the real persons by whom and in whose names the above Conveyance was Executed and By whom and in whose names said Conveyance is proposed to be acknowledged and acknowledged that of their free will that they Executed Said deed for the purposes therein Expressed– And the said America T. & Mary wives of the said Stephen T. & Abraham being by me first Examined separate and apart from their said husbands and the contents of said Conveyance being first made known to them– Acknowledged that they freely and voluntarily and without any compulsion or coercion from their said husbands they Executed the same and forever relinquish all their right and claim of Dower in and to the lands and Tenements in said Conveyance described–2
Given under my hand and Seal this 2nd day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and forty four
Wm Lavely J P[Justice of the Peace]  seal 
[certification]
05/03/1844
Recorded May 3rd AD 1844–
Benjamin Talbott R.[Recorder] S. C
1This deed was recorded in the county deed record book. The Logans and Lincolns conveyed this lot to Dresser as part of the purchase price of the Lincolns’ Springfield home, which they contracted to purchase from Dresser in January 1844. This lot had been previously owned by Lincoln’s in-laws, Ninian W. and Elizabeth P. Edwards.
2“Dower” is a term that refers to the legally protected lifetime right of a woman to one-third of her husband’s lands and personal property. Dower was intended to provide for the support of a widow and her children. Because of this, a husband could not convey property without the consent of his wife.
Christopher A. Schnell, “Wives, Widows, and Will Makers: Woman and the Law of Property,” In Tender Consideration: Women, Families, and the Law in Abraham Lincoln’s Illinois (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003), 129, 133; Joan R. Gundersen, “Women and Inheritance in America,” Robert K. Miller Jr. and Stephen J. McNamee, eds., Inheritance and Wealth in America (New York: Springer Science and Business Media, 1998), 94.

Handwritten Transcription, 2 page(s), Sangamon County Deed Book V, 301-2, Illinois Regional Archives Depository, University of Illinois at Springfield (Springfield, Illinois).