Petition of Anson G. Henry and Others to Congress, [12 May 1842]1
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in Congress assembled:
The undersigned citizens ^of Sangamon County^ of the State of Illinois, respectfully request Congress to establish by law a Tariff of duties, so as to prevent excessive importations of goods, and excessive exportations of specie; to create a Home market for agricultural productions; a Home demand for the skill and industry of our people; to raise revenue enough to relieve the nation from debt and to support the government, and so to foster our manufactures as to make ou[r] nation Prosperous in Peace and indepen[de]nt in W[ar.]2
A. G. Henry S. T. Kegwin
A. Lincoln
Wm Porter J. S. Condell
D. B. Hill W L May
Thos P. Lorshbaugh Saml Grubb
Bennett Newton James Turner
John Lockridge3 R. J. Coats
Joel Johnson
David Dickinson Elias [Pegg?]
Henry B Grubb
E D Baker. Josiah Francis
N Hay R. B Zimmerman
John Brookie Erastus Wright high Tariff no war
John Klein R. P. Abel
John C. Maxey P. C. Latham
John H Morse
Thomas Davis Benjamin Talbott
A. R. Robinson
Z. P. Cabaniss P A Saunders
W. [L?]. Graves S S Ruby
Wm J Condell
R. Radford J. Stamper
Andrew McCormick G W Thompson
J. A. Arenz A. Vandeveer
M. I. Kelly S. N. Fullenwider
E. S. Frazer4
John W Gray
Wm S. [Reid?] Millwright
Wilie Crafton Hiram Miller
J M Cabaniss and all ways was William Tolbert5
Daniel Bollen Thomas Lasswell
James B Reeves
Addison Green J B Broadwell
J. A. Herndon W. A. Lockridge
Asa Eastman J P. [Harrington?]
Eli Hay George Devanport
Robert [Foster??]
James Trew6
H S Thompson7 Austin Sims
W. L. [Tabor?]
F. B Alldedge
Josiah Moore M O Reeves
A J Kane No 73
A. Lindsey8
Tho J Jones9

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Illinois— Inhabts [Inhabitants] of Sangamon County
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The Petition of 271 Citizens of Sangamon County Illinois for an increase of the Tariff—10
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[ endorsement ]
May. 12— 1842
Refd[Referred] to Commee[Committee] on Manufactures
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Stuart of Illinois
1This document was located in the National Archives by Roy P. Basler in 1953, but was not found there in a recent search of the record group. The image shown here is a photostatic copy made by Basler’s team in 1953. The document was composed of several sheets of signatures, which were pasted together.
Illinois Congressman John T. Stuart presented the petition in the House of Representatives on May 12, 1842. The House referred the petition to the Committee on Manufactures.
Roy P. Basler, ed., The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1953), 1:287; U.S. House Journal. 1842. 27th Cong., 2nd sess., 807.
2During President Andrew Jackson’s administration, the U.S. Congress passed the Compromise Tariff Act of 1833, which dramatically lowered tariffs on imported goods over ten years, with the most dramatic cuts scheduled for 1841 and 1842. The Election of 1840 resulted in a Whig majority in Congress, which supported a higher tariff to restrain imports and protect domestic industries and manufacturing. In June 1842, the Congress passed a new tariff bill, but President John Tyler, a former Democrat, vetoed it. On August 30, Congress passed and Tyler signed a compromise bill, the Tariff Act of 1842.
Michael F. Holt, Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 20, 68, 113, 146-48.
3There were multiple men with this name living in Sangamon County in 1842; it is impossible to determine which one of them signed this petition.
John Carroll Power and S. A. Power, History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois (Springfield, IL: Edwin A. Wilson, 1876), 462-63.
4E. S. Frazer could not be positively identified.
5William Tolbert could not be positively identified.
6James Trew could not be positively identified.
7H. S. Thompson could not be positively identified.
8This may be Abraham L. Lindsay.
9There were multiple men named Thomas Jones in Sangamon County at this time; but none could be positively identified as Thomas J. Jones.
10The document is composed of several sheets of signatures, which were pasted together. The only extant image of this document contains only seventy-three signatures. It is possible the entire document was not copied; it is also possible that some of the pages of signatures had become detached.

Copy of Printed Document Signed, 2 page(s), Abraham Lincoln Association Files, Lincoln Collection, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum (Springfield, IL).